Child development is a dynamic and often updated field, new information is being discovered on a daily basis, more theories are mined to support new, and produce advanced methods of therapy and instruction to improve and possibly shrink the number of children affected with developmental or learning disabilities. Child development has been a topic of keen interest for many years to a whole host of professionals and parents like; especially those who have been working with children for a very long time.
Their theories and rationales have been borne out of explicit and focused observation of how children act when in work and in play and this experiential self contained experiment has been evolving due to the use of advanced technology. This article will discuss a little more on the theories and models they have developed based on their observations and how they can help you when you observe your own child or any other children when they are in their most critical phases of their life. Normally, development normally proceeds from the large to the very small and this refers to the observation that at the infant stage, they gain control over their large muscle groups more easily and as they develop later on, they gain mastery over their smaller muscles.
The large muscles are normally the trunk and the neck area and the small muscles are characterised by the feet and the hands. Development is also extremely orderly, which means that children will have to learn on skill at a time before they can proceed on to another. It is highly unusual for children to be able to handle and develop multiple skills at one time. The development of these skills are also progressive, for example, babies tend to develop their communication skill in simple ways at first, before they continue on to more structured nuances in speech communication and later on develop speech and speech patterns. It also seems that natural developmental is also done in concentric stages, which means that there might be stages of extreme development followed by a lull as the child adapts themselves with the new skill sets that they have acquired.
Children are often born into this world with both a blank template as well as the inert faculties that allow them to progress and develop all the faculties at a natural rate. All of these principles and theories were developed by observation and how children seemed to adapt to new environment and new information – especially social stimuli. The principles that you encounter here will give you a ‘natural’ template on how child development should occur and any abnormalities or great deviations can spark early intervention and assessment. This is not to say that these principles can be applied to all children, but there are some universal tenets that can be found here that you can apply if you are unsure. It is also a great way to keep track of your own child’s development.