The Seth Material is a collection of metaphysical texts dictated by the American psychic Jane Roberts to her husband from late 1963 until her death in 1984. The words were purportedly suggested to Roberts by a discarnate entity who called himself Seth, who she said took control of her body and spoke through her.[1] The material is regarded as one of the cornerstones of New Age philosophy, and the most influentialchannelled text of the post-World War II “New Age” movement, other than A Course in Miracles.[2] Professor of psychology Jon Klimo writes that the Seth books were instrumental in bringing the idea of channeling to a broad public audience.[3]

Other authors have written material they said was channeled from the Seth entity, especially after Roberts’ death, including Thomas Massari, who founded the Seth-Hermes Foundation and said he had channeled Seth as early as 1972, and Jean Loomis, director of the Aquarian Center in Connecticut.[4] Study groups have formed across the United States to work with the Seth Material.[5]

Catherine L. Albanese, a professor of American Religious History at the University of Chicago, said in the 1970s that the Seth Material launched an era of nationwide awareness of the channeling trend and contributed to the self-identity of an emergent New Age movement.[6] John P. Newport, in his study of the impact of New Age beliefs, described the central focus of the Seth Material as the idea that each individual creates his or her own reality, a foundational concept of the New Age movement first articulated in the Seth Material.[7] According to historian Robert C. Fuller, professor of religious studies at Bradley University, the Seth personality filled the role of guide for what Fuller called “unchurched American spirituality,” including the topics of reincarnationkarmafree will, ancient metaphysical wisdom, and “Christ consciousness.”[8]


In late 1963, Jane Roberts and her husband, Robert Butts, experimented with a Ouija board as part of Roberts’ research for a book on extra-sensory perception.[9] According to Roberts and Butts, on December 2, 1963, they began to receive coherent messages from a male personality who later identified himself as Seth. Soon after, Roberts reported that she was hearing the messages in her head. She began to dictate the messages instead of using the Ouija board, and the board was eventually abandoned. For 21 years until Roberts’ death in 1984 (with a one-year hiatus due to her final illness), Roberts held regular sessions in which she went into a trance and purportedly spoke on behalf of Seth.[10]

According to Roberts, the Seth personality described himself as an “energy personality essence no longer focused in physical matter”[11] who was independent of Roberts’subconscious, although Roberts herself expressed skepticism as to Seth’s origins,[12] frequently referring to Seth’s statements as “theories”.[13] The Seth personality said that he had completed his earthly reincarnations and was speaking from an adjacent plane of existence (or “system of reality” or “universe”, all terms which the Seth personality used). The Seth personality described himself as a “teacher”,[14] and said that the information in the Seth Material is given to every generation of humans.[citation needed]

Unlike the psychic Edgar Cayce, whose syntax when speaking in trance was antiquated and convoluted, Roberts’ syntax and sentence structures were modern and clear when speaking as Seth. Roberts often sat in a rocking chair during sessions, and she would occasionally smoke cigarettes and sip beer or wine. Afterwards, she would usually not remember the contents of the session, and she would have to read the transcript or be told what Seth had said.[15]


The core teachings of the Seth Material are based on the principle that mind creates matter,[16] and that each individual creates his or her own reality through thoughts, beliefs and expectations,[5][17][18][19][20] and that the “point of power” through which the individual can effect change is in the present moment.[18]

The Seth Material discusses a wide range of metaphysical concepts, including the nature of God, referred to in the Material as “All That Is”[19][21] and sometimes “The Multidimensional God” (who takes its form in many parallel or probable universes);[22] the nature of physical reality;[22] the origins of the universe;[21] the limitless nature of the self and the “higher self”;[18][20] the story of Christ;[8] the evolution of the soul and all aspects of death and rebirth, including reincarnation and karmapast lives, after-death experiences, “guardian spirits”, and ascension to planes of “higher consciousness”;[8][18][20][23] the purpose of life and the nature of good and evil; the purpose of suffering;[20] multidimensional reality,[24] parallel lives[5] and transpersonal realms.[18][23]

The Nature of The Self

According to the Seth Material, the entire self or “entity” is a gestalt consisting of the inner self, various selves that the entity has assumed through past existences (physical and non-physical), plus all the currently incarnated selves, and all their probable counterparts,[5] and reincarnation is included as a core principle.[23]

Wouter Hanegraaff, Professor of History of Hermetic Philosophy at the University of Amsterdam, states that Roberts’ views (when speaking as Seth) on the nature of the self have been influential to other new age authors (some of whom use the term “Higher Self” to refer to the same concept), and that Robert’s terminology has been adopted by some of those authors.[25] Hanegraaff states that Seth uses various terms to refer to the concept of the “Self”, including “entity”, “whole self”, “gestalt”, and “(over)soul”.[25]


The Seth Material says that all individuals create their own circumstances and experiences within the shared earthly environment, similar to the doctrine of responsibility assumption. This concept is expressed in the phrase “you create your own reality”,[20] which may have originated with the Seth readings. The inner self is responsible for the construction and maintenance of the individual’s physical body and immediate physical environment, and the unfolding of events is determined by the expectations, attitudes and beliefs of the outer ego, that portion of the self that human beings know as themselves.[18]

The books discuss the idea that the physical environment is constructed and maintained by the inner selves of the individual occupants (including the animals).[26] The inner selves project, en masse, a pattern for physical reality which is then filled with energy, as needed, by each individual. All events are also produced in the same manner.[20]

Relationship with Christianity

According to the Seth MaterialJesus Christ exists as part of the Christ entity, a highly evolved entity who exists in many systems of reality. At the time of Christ, the Christ entity incarnated as three individuals: John the BaptistJesus of Nazareth, and Paul or Saul of Tarsus.[27]


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